Monday, January 6, 2014

Create custom profile property in SharePoint user profile programmatically

While working on user profile service I got the requirement to create custom property through coding for one of my client. I have found the solution to create custom property from Ahmedmandany blog. To create the property, we have to get the current service context  by passing the site object. From the service context object create new UserProfileConfigManager object. By using UserProfileConfiguaration object we can get the CoreProperties in the service as shown the code below.

SPServiceContext currentServiceContext = SPServiceContext.GetContext(SiteCollection);
    
//Here SiteCollection is SPSite object for current site

UserProfileConfigManager userProfileConfigManager = new UserProfileConfigManager(currentServiceContext);

CorePropertyManager usreProfileCoreProperties = userProfileConfigManager.ProfilePropertyManager.GetCoreProperties();

Create profileProperty list and with string type objects. Insert data into the list as shown below,

List<string> myCustomProperties = new List<string>();
myCustomProperties.Add("My Custom Property");

We can get the ProfilePropertyManager object from ProfileConfigManager. 

ProfilePropertyManager propertyManager = profileConfigManager.ProfilePropertyManager;

Check the property is exits or not in CoreProperties. If not exists, add property to the core properties. Add PropertyInstance, ProfileTypeProperty and ProfileSubtypePropertyManager objects, update all the properties as per the requirements.

CoreProperty coreProperty = coreProperties.Create(false);
coreProperty.Name = profileProperty.Replace(" ", string.Empty);
coreProperty.Type = PropertyDataType.String;
coreProperty.Length = 4000;
coreProperty.DisplayName = "My Custom Property";
coreProperty.Description = "My Custom Property" ;
coreProperty.IsAlias=false;
coreProperty.Commit();
      
ProfileTypePropertyManager profileTypePropertyManager = propertyManager.GetProfileTypeProperties(ProfileType.User);
ProfileTypeProperty profileTypeProperty = profileTypePropertyManager.Create(coreProperty);
profileTypeProperty.IsVisibleOnViewer =true;
profileTypeProperty.IsVisibleOnEditor = true;
profileTypePropertyManager.Add(profileTypeProperty);
    

ProfileSubtypeManager profileSubTypeManager = ProfileSubtypeManager.Get(currentServiceContext);
ProfileSubtype profileSubtype = profileSubTypeManager.GetProfileSubtype               (ProfileSubtypeManager.GetDefaultProfileName(ProfileType.User));
ProfileSubtypePropertyManager profileSubtypePropertyManager = profileSubtype.Properties;


ProfileSubtypeProperty profileSubtypeProperty = profileSubtypePropertyManager.Create(profileTypeProperty);
profileSubtypeProperty.IsUserEditable = true;
profileSubtypePropertyManager.Add(profileSubtypeProperty);

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